University Career Center

Gaining experience and skills

Working experience and student’s life

Working experience can be achieved during studies, taking part-time and voluntary jobs, or by direct employment and internship.

Why working experience is so important?

Employers often ask for something more than just a diploma! Working experience is one of the first things they look for. All your working experience will be counted if you've learned something through them. It will help you to understand the business world and exposes your skills and competencies. It would be advisable if you consider what kind of working experience you want and what exactly you are looking for from your life/career.

Working experience connects theory with practice. This connection is necessary for higher education, especially for technical and business studies, as well as professions such as medicine and services. Working experience helps you to develop your professional skills, while allowing you to work on your weak points.

I like my student life – why should I think about a career?

You will enter into a competitive market that is changing constantly. Have you ever looked around your classroom and asked yourself: where all those people, whose education is the same as mine, will find a job?

The final year of studies will be very busy - your priorities will be your exams or final projects, so you don't have enough time to prepare your marketing strategy.

Your course might include a placement next year and now is the time to prepare.

Should a job postpone my studies?

Getting a good diploma is vital, but you have to be able to show employers that you have other skills and competencies as well, those which shall strengthen your employment perspective. Working experience gives you qualifications and the ability to present to employers that you know very well what it means to be employed and that you have basic skills which are required for that job.

What kind of working experience can I achieve?

The term „working experience“, covers a wide range of possibilities that could take you into the business world. It could be through internships, different trainings, exchange programs of workers, part-time jobs, projects with some companies, “open doors” to some organization, clinical/professional practice etc.

List of required skills and competencies

Start to build your career during your studies and show employers that you have what they need.

Natural talent

Usually, employers think that students and graduates lack basic skills such as communication and/or ability for independent work. Internship, trainings, volunteering or free-time activities may help you to strengthen your skills.

Employers mostly notice the lack of the following skills:

  • Communication
  • Ability to work independently
  • Motivation
  • Organizing for continuous learning and development
  • Self-confidence
  • Ability for solving problems
  • Organization
  • Analytical thinking
  • Broad knowledge base (sense of culture)
  • Team work

Learned skills

Good writing skills are where most of us need improvement. In regard to professional competencies’, development of working skills and organization can be gained through volunteer and part-time jobs.

Employers mostly notice lack of following skills:

  • Good writing skills (writing reports, requests, letters and other correspondence)
  • Management skills
  • Managing project
  • Fluency in particular foreign languages
  • Administration
  • IT literacy
  • Computation (work with numbers)

Skills that are achieved by experience

Basic skills which alumni must possess as requested by employers – how can you gain those skills through working experience?

These skills can be classified into following categories:


Show that you can work independently. Are you aware of yourself and do you know what your advantages are? Can you organize yourself and determine priorities so you’ll be able to finish the work? Do you have the habit to look back on your past experiences so you can learn from them?

Personal skills

Be able to demonstrate your personal skills. Can you express yourself effectively (in a written and oral form)? Can you participate in team activities and do you sometimes take leadership?

General skills
Those are the skills that can be used and applied in any situation and in any sector. Are you a person who knows how to solve problems? Are you a person who finds out alternative solutions and who can predict the results? Can you demonstrate that you are flexible? And don’t forget to mention your ability of using IT equipment!

Professional/specialized skills

Those skills you get through your studies. They include knowledge of particular field or technical skills. Are you aware of organizational structure and do you have experience which is related to it or experience related to sustainable business? Your potential employer would like to see proof of this knowledge and these skills. Your working experience will be the best prove of it!